For years, Huawei has raised a variety of risk concerns for its partners and customers in areas ranging from cyber espionage to intellectual property theft to allegations of corruption and non-transparency.

A number of anecdotes and statistics have also raised suspicion regarding close ties between Huawei and the Chinese State.
Alleged Ties to China’s State Security Services
Accused of Enabling Espionage, Creating Cyber Vulnerability
Accusations of IP Theft or Misappropriation
Unethical Business Practices
For Huawei’s Partners and Customers, a Global Track Record of Predatory Behavior, Accusations and Risk.
This visual provides a summary of the variety and scope of risk concerns for Huawei's partners and customers across the globe.
Huawei: the most recent allegations are only the tip of the iceberg.
Although the latest accusations are in plain sight, they add to a documented body of risk and a track record that has been consistent over decades.
HUAWEI’S Track Record of Risk and Scandal. This Pot Has Been Boiling for Years.
This visual provides a summary depiction of just how many such events have been recorded over the past 10 years.
HUAWEI: A Sample Set from a Decade of Notable Events.
This visual provides a summary depiction of just how many such events have been recorded over the past 10 years.



Below is a sampling of reports and statistics that demonstrate, over a 20 year timeframe, the close relationship between Huawei and the Chinese state.


RWR has conducted extensive study and analysis of Huawei in the form of alerts and in-depth reports that are based primarily on granular, transactional research.


RWR has conducted extensive study and analysis of Huawei in the form of alerts and in-depth reports that are based primarily on granular, transactional research.
This is a sampling of our overall data and analysis. More is available on request.

Our alerts provide real-time analysis of events and transactions at the intersection of economics, finance and national security.

September 24, 2019

Huawei Deepens R&D, Training Presence in Europe Following US Job Cuts

In recent days, Huawei has made a pair of steps to deepen its research and training capacity in European markets. On September 18, Huawei announced it would open a research and development center in Vienna, Austria. Read more
September 5, 2019

Huawei, Sierra Leone Deepen Partnership; Exim Bank to Fund Phase 2 of National Fiber Optic Backbone Project

On September 2, Sierra Leone Cable Network signed a $30 million loan agreement with the Export-Import Bank of China to finance the construction by Huawei of the second phase of its national fiber-optic backbone project. Read more
August 28, 2019

Huawei Deepens Cooperation with Botswana Police, Installing Cameras in Francistown

On August 26, it was reported that Huawei was assisting municipal authorities in Francistown, Botswana’s second-largest city, with the installation of cameras in public places. Read more
August 28, 2019

Huawei to Build 5G Network in Uruguay

On August 27, 2019, Huawei signed an MOU with Uruguay regarding the development of a 5G network, industrial digitization, and information and communications technology training. Read more
August 14, 2019

Huawei Confirms 6G Research at Ottawa Lab

On August 13, 2019, Huawei confirmed that it was researching 6G technology in its Ottawa laborayory and currently in talks with Canadian university researchers for joint development of next generation networks. Read more
August 9, 2019

U.S. Bans Chinese Tech Companies from Government Contracts

A new rule being implemented by the Trump Administration effective August 13 will ban U.S. government contracts to several Chinese companies deemed a security threat in their offering of telecommunications equipment and services and video surveillance equipment. Read more
August 2, 2019

Huawei to Increase R&D Investment in UK, China Hopes for Resumption of “Golden Era”

On July 31, Huawei announced that it was looking to increase its R&D investment in the UK next year, with the 2020 budget increasing to $18 billion from $15 billion in 2019. Read more
July 30, 2019

Uzbekistan Approves Huawei 5G After Receiving CDB Loan, Deal Follows “Smart City” Contract

On July 26, the Uzbekistan government announced plans to allow the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications to conclude contracts with Huawei for the supply of technological equipment and software relevant to 5G development. Read more
July 26, 2019

Huawei Denmark Offers “No-Spy” Agreement

On July 22, 2019, it was reported that the new national head of Huawei Denmark wants to have a dialog with Danish politicians who are worried about the Chinese telecom giant. Read more
July 22, 2019

Washington Post: Huawei Helped North Korea Build Wireless Network

On July 22, the Washington Post reported that internal documents it obtained showed that Chinese telecommunications company Huawei played a role in building North Korea’s wireless network. Read more
July 22, 2019

Huawei to Build European Optimization Service Center in Portugal and New Regional Headquarters in Pakistan

On July 18, Huawei selected Portugal to host a new optimization center for 4G and 5G networks that will serve several European countries. Read more
July 16, 2019

Huawei Inaugurates “5G Nation” Project in Monaco

On July 12, 2019, Monaco inaugurated a 5G system developed by Huawei in cooperation with Monaco Telecom. Read more
July 9, 2018

Huawei Awarded 4G Contract in Australia, Despite Continuing Security Concerns Over Its Eligibility for 5G Projects

On July 9, 2018, Huawei Technologies won a $101 million contract to build and maintain the digital radio systems and 4G networks that deliver voice and data services across the rail network of Perth, Australia. Read more
April 28, 2018

Huawei Pulls Eurobond Offering in Response to U.S. Investigation Over Possible Iran Sanctions Violations

On April 26, Huawei Technologies abruptly shelved overnight a euro-denominated bond issuance by its BVI-incorporated debt-issuing vehicle Proven Glory Capital Limited, guaranteed by its parent company Huawei Investment & Holding Co. Read more
January 11, 2018

Huawei Smartphone Distribution Deal with AT&T Collapses Just Prior to Launch

AT&T announced on January 8 that it had backed out of a deal to sell Huawei handsets. The retreat comes after a December 20 letter from the Senate and House Intelligence Committees which warned about “concerns regarding Huawei and Chinese espionage.” Read more
July 12, 2017

Huawei, China Unicom to Build 6000-km Cameroon-Brazil Fiber Optic Cable

Chinese telecom equipment manufacturer Huawei has partnered with service provider China Unicom to build a 6000-km undersea cable linking Kribi, Cameroon with Fortaleza in Brazil. Read more
July 12, 2017

Huawei Enters Remittances Industry, Strengthens Chinese Position in Africa’s Financial Sector

On July 11, Huawei announced a partnership with British money-transfer operator WorldRemit to enable international money transfers for Huawei users across Africa. Read more
November 5, 2016

Huawei to Join Intel’s Security Innovation Alliance

On November 4, 2016, Intel Security announced that Huawei would be added to the Intel Security Innovation Alliance. Read more
August 24, 2016

Huawei and Lenovo in Discussions with Russia to Help Implement Domestic Surveillance Program

On August 24, 2016, over a month after Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a new ‘‘‘anti-terrorism‘ law designed to increase the electronic surveillance of Russian internet users, Huawei and Lenovo reportedly began negotiations with Russian firm Bulat for technology transfers related to server manufacturing, data storage and other information and communications technology (ICT) equipment. Read more
June 1, 2016

Huawei Technology Links to Israel Source of U.S. Concern

China‘s extensive ties to Israel‘s technology industry were treated on June 2 by an investigative report in the Wall Street Journal that specifically cited Huawei‘s local subsidiary, Toga Networks, which has reportedly been operating in the country over the past seven years. Read more
April 21, 2016

Huawei’s Second Dollar-Denominated Bond Offering

On April 21, The Wall Street Journal reported Huawei was preparing to issue a 10-year, $2 billion dollar-denominated bond offering. Read more
March 21, 2016

ZTE Documents Indict Partner Company Huawei

The U.S. Department of Commerce is expected to lift — temporarily — export restrictions imposed on China‘s state-controlled ZTE Corporation Read more
July 15, 2015

India Approves New Huawei Manufacturing Center, Marks First Chinese Telecom Deal Approved Over Security Concerns

On July 15, 2015, the Indian Home Ministry approved a proposal from China‘s Huawei Technologies for the establishment of an electronics and telecommunications device-manufacturing factory at India‘s SIPCOT Special Economic Zone in Sriperumbudur. Read more
July 3, 2014

Huawei Elected to Board of the 5G Infrastructure Association of Europe

In June 2014, Huawei was elected to join the board of the 5G Infrastructure Association in Europe, intending to play an advisory role and influence the European Union’s priorities regarding research into 5G and the rollout of super-fast connectivity across Europe and the rest of the world. Read more

Our reports assess risk exposure and strategic penetration of select countries, industries & companies.

May 14, 2019

Assessing Huawei Risk

Present risk analysis of Huawei — and other of Chinese technology companies — has tended to focus on a technical scrub of the company’s hardware, software and individual track record of abuses. As explained in RWR Advisory Group's new report, "Assessing Huawei Risk" (pdf), which documents the company’s most relevant risk exposure, it is the track record of the Chinese government in the cyber domain that is Huawei’s greatest liability.
February 14, 2018

A Transactional Risk Profile of Huawei

Based on an in-depth review of the global business transactions carried out by Huawei over the past decade as well as the company’s associations inside China, RWR Advisory Group report "A Transactional Risk Profile of Huawei" (pdf) highlights the risk factors present when doing business with Huawei. The intent is to present in one place a holistic view of the various ways in which Huawei’s transactions and business practices have undermined their value proposition. In the course of this research, a number of themes emerge regarding Huawei that raise serious concerns.

RWR in the news

August 14, 2019

RWR Cited in WSJ Article on Huawei Helping African Governments Spy on Political Opponents

On August 14, RWR was cited in a Wall Street Journal investigation into the role that Huawei technicians have played in assisting the domestic espionage activities of certain African governments, including Uganda and Zambia. RWR told the Journal that Africa’s importance to China “is at least as much about Beijing’s longer-term vision for recruiting foreign countries to embrace Chinese norms of governance in the digital sphere and in terms of its illiberal political values.” RWR also assisted the Journal with data on locations of Huawei surveillance and network projects in Africa.
March 19, 2019

RWR Cited in Foreign Policy on Huawei’s Involvement in Africa

On March 19, RWR was cited in a Foreign Policy article on Chinese telecommunications company Huawei’s involvement in Africa. RWR said that being the only viable provider of internet connectivity can give China significant leverage over African governments. RWR added, "Beyond just espionage, there’s leverage that comes with being the low-cost solution provider to a country whose political leadership might, in part, derive popular support from being able to offer connectivity to their population."
March 11, 2019

Voice of America Quotes RWR Huawei Report

On February 11, Voice of America referenced RWR’s research on Chinese telecommunications manufacturer Huawei in an article examining the company’s corporate risk profile. RWR research found Huawei has been involved in $5 billion worth of business deals involving allegations of bribery and corruption.
January 17, 2019

RWR Cited in NYT Huawei Article

On January 15, RWR was cited in a New York Times article on Chinese technology firm Huawei’s owner, Ren Zhengfei. Assessing Huawei’s chances of repairing its reputation, RWR said, "It's not really about Ren’s roots in the P.L.A. It’s just the fact that they’re Chinese, and are tainted by the government’s poor record on cyberespionage. Any global Chinese tech actor is at risk of being considered a liability, because they're going to be susceptible to doing what the Chinese government wants them to do."
April 4, 2018

Wirtschaftwoche: Huawei’s Cybersecurity Threat

RWR Advisory Group’s work was recently mentioned by German business magazine Wirtschaftwoche. A recent report on Huawei by the magazine noted, "A 'risk profile' created by American consulting firm RWR Advisory Group in Washington, DC wrote that 'The NSA as well as alleged third-party intermediaries have reportedly been able to manipulate and exploit flaws in Huawei's network and handsets, suggesting other actors – such as the Chinese state – are very likely able to do so as well.'"